Observation-based early-warning signals for a collapse of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation | Nature Climate Change

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), a major ocean current system transporting warm surface waters toward the northern Atlantic, has been suggested to exhibit two distinct modes of operation. A collapse from the currently attained strong to the weak mode would have severe impacts on the global climate system and further multi-stable Earth system components. Observations and recently suggested fingerprints of AMOC variability indicate a gradual weakening during the last decades, but estimates of the critical transition point remain uncertain. Here, a robust and general early-warning indicator for forthcoming critical transitions is introduced. Significant early-warning signals are found in eight independent AMOC indices, based on observational sea-surface temperature and salinity data from across the Atlantic Ocean basin. These results reveal spatially consistent empirical evidence that, in the course of the last century, the AMOC may have evolved from relatively stable conditions to a point close to a critical transition. The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is currently strong, but transition to its weak mode could see significant changes in the climate system. This work presents an observation-based early-warning system for such transitions and shows that the AMOC may be approaching a transition.
— Read on www.nature.com/articles/s41558-021-01097-4.epdf

Climate crisis: Scientists spot warning signs of Gulf Stream collapse | Climate change | The Guardian

A shutdown would have devastating global impacts and must not be allowed to happen, researchers say
— Read on www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/aug/05/climate-crisis-scientists-spot-warning-signs-of-gulf-stream-collapse

‘We will launch… new dairy-like technology’: Danone eyes ‘plant-based 2.0’

As Danone continues to expand its high-growth plant-based beverage business, the company intends to broaden the fixture’s appeal to the majority of consumers ‘not in the category’ through the development of new technologies that deliver ‘dairy-like’ drinks.
— Read on www.foodnavigator.com/Article/2021/08/02/We-will-launch-new-dairy-like-technology-Danone-eyes-plant-based-2.0

The 2021 Met Gala Is Going Plant-Based—Here’s Why | Bon Appétit

Yes, people eat at the Met Gala. And for the first-time ever, the food will be chef-curated and 100% plant-based.
— Read on www.bonappetit.com/story/met-gala-chefs-2021

First ‘Time Crystal’ Built Using Google’s Quantum Computer | Quanta Magazine

Like a perpetual motion machine, a time crystal forever cycles between states without consuming energy. Physicists claim to have built this new phase of matter…
— Read on www.quantamagazine.org/first-time-crystal-built-using-googles-quantum-computer-20210730/

Turkey Conducting Targeted Killings of PKK Leaders in Iraq: What’s Next? – Jamestown

Turkey Conducting Targeted Killings of PKK Leaders in Iraq: What’s Next? – Jamestown
— Read on jamestown.org/program/turkey-conducting-targeted-killings-of-pkk-leaders-in-iraq-whats-next/

Turkey Is Next as Wildfires Afflict Mediterranean Countries – The New York Times

The Turkish authorities said they were investigating the causes of fires that killed at least four people and threatened popular tourist destinations.
— Read on www.nytimes.com/2021/07/30/world/middleeast/turkey-fires-mediterranean-lebanon.html

Reconceptualizing Lithuania’s Importance for U.S. Foreign Policy – Foreign Policy Research Institute

This report is part of FPRI’s collaboration with Eastern Europe Studies Centre in Vilnius, Lithuania and can also be viewed here
— Read on www.fpri.org/article/2021/07/reconceptualizing-lithuanias-importance-for-u-s-foreign-policy/

Biden Meets Exiled Belarusian Opposition Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya – Bloomberg

President Joe Biden met the exiled opposition leader of Belarus, Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, at the White House Wednesday as the post-Soviet nation is swept by a new round of crackdowns against the opposition, media and civil society.
— Read on www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-07-28/biden-meets-exiled-belarusian-opposition-leader-to-show-support